Cocaine Crack: What It Is, Side Effects, Risks & Withdrawal

The drug can also cause dangerous spikes in blood pressure that can rupture blood vessels in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke) or tear the aorta (aortic dissection). A cocaine comedown is actually a form of withdrawal that can last for days. During the crash, a person experiences powerful cravings for more cocaine. Treating a crack addiction may involve detoxification and therapy.

Medical Professionals

  1. Another reason cocaine can lead to substance use disorder is that each time you use it, your body builds a tolerance.
  2. When a person cuts back on their cocaine use or stops cocaine use completely, symptoms of withdrawal occur.
  3. Two groups of synthetic drugs — synthetic cannabinoids and substituted or synthetic cathinones — are illegal in most states.
  4. Intravenous cocaine users may also experience allergic reactions, either to the drug or to some additive in street cocaine, which in severe cases can result in death.

Often, cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for addictive behaviors and cravings. Click here to learn more about finding the right therapist for you. Cocaine can alcohol make your hot flashes feel worse during menopause withdrawal can cause intense physical and mental symptoms — some of which can be life threatening. However, there are support and resources to help get you through this time.

Treatment for cocaine withdrawal

Risky behavior is strongly tied to legal problems, which is a common symptom of addiction to any drug or substance. The use of cocaine speeds up the central nervous system resulting in appetite suppression. These combined effects can make cocaine users lose a high amount of weight within a short period. Dramatic weight loss is one of the main reasons many people start using cocaine in the first place. When used regularly for a long time, cocaine can also lead to malnourishment on behalf of extreme weight loss. Paranoia is found to occur in between 68 and 84% of cocaine users.

Is cocaine withdrawal life threatening?

Patient confidentiality laws prevent them from sharing this information with law enforcement. Injecting it carries the highest risk of bloodborne infections, but you can also contract infections by smoking and snorting coke. The more you use it, the higher your risk for developing a substance use disorder. People use coke for its intense psychological effects, like euphoria and boosted confidence. But it can also produce some not-so-pleasant psychological and physical effects. Cocaine — aka coke, blow, and snow — is a powerful stimulant made from the leaves of the coca plant.

Cocaine, also known as coke, is a powerful stimulant derived from the coca plant. It is abused by several methods, including snorting it through the nose, smoking it, and injecting it intravenously. Recreational use of cocaine is illegal because it is dangerous and can lead to severe health consequences, including stroke, heart attack, and overdose. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 24,000 people died from cocaine overdose in 2021. The most important part of any treatment plan is to give up the drug right away. Many people who are addicted to cocaine go through a phase called withdrawal when they first do this.

In addition to memory loss, cocaine addiction may also cause impairments in emotional empathy along with social cognition and decision making. Some experts theorize that cocaine interacts with certain brain neurotransmitters in ways that cause serious damage to the brain and memory. Some cocaine users combine the drug with heroin and inject it — an act known as speedballing. Those who inject cocaine can go on to develop skin infections caused by using dirty, contaminated needles. It is also referred to as chemical dependency and addictive behavior.

That means it takes less of it to cause negative effects like anxiety and convulsions. Use of cocaine is less common in the U.S. than misuse of prescription painkillers (reported by 2.4 million people in the alcohol use disorder symptoms and causes 2021 survey), or use of hallucinogenic drugs (2.2 million). When you heat the rock crystal and breathe the smoke into your lungs, you get a high that’s almost as fast and strong as when you inject it.

Over 2.1 million Americans have used cocaine at least once in their lives. Cocaine is one of the oldest known drugs and has been abused around the world for decades. Cocaine addiction leads to extreme physical and psychological consequences that can have permanent effects 2c drug effects of 2c on the user and those around them. Medications are sometimes used in combination with behavioral therapy. Disulfiram (a medication that has been used to treat alcohol abuse) in combination with behavioral treatment, has been successful in reducing cocaine abuse.

Smoking allows extremely high doses of cocaine to reach the brain very quickly and brings an intense and immediate high. The injecting drug user is at risk for acquiring or transmitting HIV/AIDS as well as hepatitis C if needles or other injection equipment are shared. To diagnose a cocaine addiction, your doctor will discuss your current usage and health history. And they will try to determine the degree of your dependence and will suggest treatment options. Unlike heroin and opioid drugs, there are no medications used to treat cocaine addiction. The treatment is focused on detoxification (also referred to as detox) and behavioral therapies.

Cocaine-induced paranoia is often temporary, can take various forms, and last anywhere from a few hours to several days or weeks. The most common type of paranoia experienced by those addicted to cocaine is believing that everyone knows what you are doing. Some who suffer paranoia may want to avoid being in public or around large groups of people and stay home for long periods unless they need to leave to obtain more cocaine. If your drug use is out of control or causing problems, get help.

The sooner you seek help, the greater your chances for a long-term recovery. As time passes, you may need larger doses of the drug to get high. As your drug use increases, you may find that it’s increasingly difficult to go without the drug. Attempts to stop drug use may cause intense cravings and make you feel physically ill. Cocaine is one of the most widely abused stimulants in the United States and is the cause of thousands of overdoses and physical complications leading to emergency room visits each year.

Addiction to this powerful stimulant develops easily, in part because the effects of the drug only last for a short time. To sustain the high, users will often take cocaine repeatedly in a short period. The major routes of administration of cocaine are inhaling (or snorting), injecting, and smoking. There is great risk regardless of the method of use, and it is possible to overdose fatally. Compulsive cocaine use may develop even more rapidly if the substance is smoked rather than snorted.

A high tolerance means it takes more cocaine for you to feel its effects. This may lead to using greater amounts of it, which can impact your mental and physical health. It can also be smoked after being processed into a form called crack cocaine. Behavioral treatment includes psychotherapy and other psychosocial interventions. These approaches help to maintain abstinence from cocaine after detox.

Sometimes, people experience symptoms for longer than the initial 1- to 2-week period. This is called chronic withdrawal, long-term withdrawal, postacute withdrawal, or subacute withdrawal, and it can last for up to 2 months. The withdrawal symptoms of cocaine use can vary depending on the person and on the length and severity of their cocaine use.

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